A1 Journal article (refereed)
Factors Constraining Teachers’ Wellbeing and Agency in a Finnish University : Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic (2022)

Mäkelä, T., Sikström, P., Jääskelä, P., Korkala, S., Kotkajuuri, J., Kaski, S., & Taalas, P. (2022). Factors Constraining Teachers’ Wellbeing and Agency in a Finnish University : Lessons from the COVID-19 Pandemic. Education Sciences, 12(10), Article 722. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci12100722

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsMäkelä, Tiina; Sikström, Pieta; Jääskelä, Päivikki; Korkala, Salme; Kotkajuuri, Jimi; Kaski, Saara; Taalas, Peppi

Journal or seriesEducation Sciences


Publication year2022

Publication date19/10/2022


Issue number10

Article number722

PublisherMDPI AG

Publication countrySwitzerland

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83769


The COVID-19 pandemic forced teachers to undergo a sudden shift toward technology-enhanced teaching and learning, challenging their capacities for change in many ways. This study explores those factors constraining teachers’ wellbeing and agency that influenced their capacities as teachers in a Finnish university during the first year of the pandemic. Two sets of data were collected, with an online survey in the spring (n = 297) and autumn (n = 246) of 2020. At both times, challenges with workload, time management, and interactions with colleagues were found to be the most constraining factors. Difficulties with work–life balance and home office facilities seemed more of an issue in the spring, whereas transforming teaching and adopting new technological tools were reported as more burdensome in the autumn. The findings show the need for teachers to be heard and holistically supported, particularly when extensive changes in teaching arrangements are expected on a rapid schedule.

Keywordsuniversitieshigher education (teaching)distance teachingteacherswell-being at workhuman agencychallengesunusual conditionsCOVID-19

Free keywordsCOVID-19; emergency remote teaching; university teachers; wellbeing; agency

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 18:16