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How to evaluate first aid skills after training : a systematic review (2022)

Sihvo, M., Hiltunen, L., & Kärkkäinen, T. (2022). How to evaluate first aid skills after training : a systematic review. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, 30, Article 56. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-022-01043-z

JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat

Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Sihvo, Minna; Hiltunen, Leena; Kärkkäinen, Tommi

Lehti tai sarja: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine

eISSN: 1757-7241

Julkaisuvuosi: 2022

Ilmestymispäivä: 08.11.2022

Volyymi: 30

Artikkelinumero: 56

Kustantaja: Springer Science and Business Media LLC

Julkaisumaa: Britannia

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-022-01043-z

Julkaisun avoin saatavuus: Avoimesti saatavilla

Julkaisukanavan avoin saatavuus: Kokonaan avoin julkaisukanava

Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83877


To be able to help and save lives, laypersons are recommended to undergo first aid trainings. The aim of this review was to explore the variety of the elements of the measuring systems to assess the effects of first aid trainings on different aspects of first aid skills including practical skills, knowledge, and emotional perspectives.

This systematic literature review used Scopus and PubMed databases and searched for studies published between January, 2000, and December, 2020. Out of 2,162 studies meeting the search criteria, 15 studies with quantitative and repeatable evaluation methods to assess first aid skills after first aid training for adults were included in the final analysis.

Practical skills, especially on the ability to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to use an automated external defibrillator, were the most studied first aid skills after first aid training. This evaluation was based on several standardized measurements and assessed often with the help of a combination of resuscitation manikin and observer. Evaluation methods of performance in other emergency situations are not well standardized. Questionnaires used to assess knowledge of first aid, though seemingly based on guidelines, were also not standardized, either. Emotional aspects of first aid (willingness or self-confidence) were evaluated by highly simplified questionnaires, and answers were graded by five-point Likert scale.

According to our review, the focus of evaluation methods after first aid training has been on practical skills and especially on CPR. Though the evaluation of first-aid knowledge seems to be straightforward, it is not performed systematically. Evaluation methods for emotional aspects are highly simplified. Overall, standardized measurements and evaluation methods to assess all aspects of first aid skills are needed.

YSO-asiasanat: ensiapu; koulutus; elvytys; hätätilanteet; osaaminen; arviointimenetelmät; systemaattiset kirjallisuuskatsaukset

Vapaat asiasanat: ensiapukoulutus

Liittyvät organisaatiot

OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Raportointivuosi: 2022

Alustava JUFO-taso: 1

Viimeisin päivitys 2023-10-01 klo 12:24