A1 Journal article (refereed)
The early motor milestones in infancy and later motor skills in toddlers : a structural equation model of motor development (2006)


Viholainen, H., Ahonen, T., Cantell, M., Tolvanen, A., & Lyytinen, H. (2006). The early motor milestones in infancy and later motor skills in toddlers : a structural equation model of motor development. Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 26(1/2), 89-111. https://doi.org/10.1080/J006v26n01_07


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Viholainen, Helena; Ahonen, Timo; Cantell, Marja; Tolvanen, Asko; Lyytinen, Heikki

Journal or series: Physical and Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics

ISSN: 0194-2638

eISSN: 1541-3144

Publication year: 2006

Volume: 26

Issue number: 1/2

Pages range: 89-111

Publisher: Haworth Press

Publication country: Canada

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/J006v26n01_07

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


Abstract

The relationship between the achievement of early motor milestones in infancy and later motor development was studied in 130 children with (N = 66, 35 male/31 female) and without (N = 64, 31 male/35 female) familial risk for dyslexia. A structured parental questionnaire was used to assess motor development in infancy, and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children was used to assess motor skills at age 3.5 years. No differences were found at the group level and therefore the structural equation model was constructed by entering both groups simultaneously. An Early Body Control factor, computed from the infant data, explained 38% of the variance of the Gross Motor Skills factor at the age of 3.5 years. The results suggest a relationship between gross motor milestones in infancy and gross motor skills in toddler age. Unexpectedly, the early appearance of Early Hand Control skills in infancy had a negative association with the development of the gross motor domain at 3.5 years (explanation ratio was 9%). No significant connections between early and later fine motor skills were found. The mediating role played by postural control is discussed.


Keywords: development of motor skills; motor skills (general); children (age groups); newborn infants; toddlers

Free keywords: motor development; postural control; infancy; toddlers; structural equation model

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: Not rated


Last updated on 2021-16-06 at 17:24