A1 Journal article (refereed)
Pierre de Jean Olivi, les animaux et le jugement rationnel ou non rationnel (2022)
Peter of Jean Olivi, animals and rational or non-rational judgement

Toivanen, J. (2022). Pierre de Jean Olivi, les animaux et le jugement rationnel ou non rationnel. Revue des Sciences Philosophiques et Theologiques, 106(3), 443-464. https://doi.org/10.3917/rspt.1063.0443

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Toivanen, Juhana

Journal or series: Revue des Sciences Philosophiques et Theologiques

ISSN: 0035-2209

eISSN: 2118-4445

Publication year: 2022

Publication date: 15/11/2022

Volume: 106

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 443-464

Publisher: Vrin

Publication country: France

Publication language: French

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3917/rspt.1063.0443

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


If we take rationality in the strict, medieval sense of the term, animals are not “rational”. But on a broader and more current meaning of this notion, medieval authors agree in attributing to animals particularly sophisticated cognitive abilities that can be described as rational. So it is that Pierre de Jean Olivi notes that the common sense of animals constitutes a power of judgment capable of gathering, composing and even comparing information in order to respond adequately to a situation or to solve a problem. He nevertheless considers that man alone is a rational and free animal, who is therefore not reducible to an “intellectual animal”, this famous expression designating nothing other than the fiction of a human being who would be intelligent but deprived of free will.

Keywords: Medieval philosophy; philosophy of mind; animals; human being; reason; common sense; rationality; free will

Free keywords: Peter John Olivi

Fields of science:

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2022

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-24-03 at 18:34