A1 Journal article (refereed)
Pierre de Jean Olivi, les animaux et le jugement rationnel ou non rationnel (2022)
Peter of Jean Olivi, animals and rational or non-rational judgement

Toivanen, J. (2022). Pierre de Jean Olivi, les animaux et le jugement rationnel ou non rationnel. Revue des Sciences Philosophiques et Theologiques, 106(3), 443-464. https://doi.org/10.3917/rspt.1063.0443

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsToivanen, Juhana

Journal or seriesRevue des Sciences Philosophiques et Theologiques



Publication year2022

Publication date15/11/2022


Issue number3

Pages range443-464


Publication countryFrance

Publication languageFrench


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access


If we take rationality in the strict, medieval sense of the term, animals are not “rational”. But on a broader and more current meaning of this notion, medieval authors agree in attributing to animals particularly sophisticated cognitive abilities that can be described as rational. So it is that Pierre de Jean Olivi notes that the common sense of animals constitutes a power of judgment capable of gathering, composing and even comparing information in order to respond adequately to a situation or to solve a problem. He nevertheless considers that man alone is a rational and free animal, who is therefore not reducible to an “intellectual animal”, this famous expression designating nothing other than the fiction of a human being who would be intelligent but deprived of free will.

KeywordsMedieval philosophyphilosophy of mindanimalshuman beingreasoncommon senserationalityfree will

Free keywordsPeter John Olivi

Fields of science:

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2022

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 19:36