A1 Journal article (refereed)
Income and Career Concerns Among Emerging Adults From Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom During COVID-19 (2023)

Nuckols, J. A., Silinskas, G., Ranta, M., & Wilska, T.-A. (2023). Income and Career Concerns Among Emerging Adults From Finland, Sweden, and the United Kingdom During COVID-19. Emerging Adulthood, 11(3), 721-734. https://doi.org/10.1177/21676968231153691

The research was funded by Strategic Research Council at the Research Council of Finland.

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsNuckols, Julia A.; Silinskas, Gintautas; Ranta, Mette; Wilska, Terhi-Anna

Journal or seriesEmerging Adulthood



Publication year2023

Publication date20/01/2023


Issue number3

Pages range721-734

PublisherSAGE Publications

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/85911


In this study, we examine the prevalence of income and career concerns among emerging adults in three different welfare states during COVID-19: Finland (n = 309), Sweden (n = 324), and the United Kingdom (n = 343). This study also delves into how factors such as one’s self-perceived financial situation, generalized mistrust, loneliness and socio-demographics are related to emerging adults’ income and career concerns. Results showed that individuals from the United Kingdom were more likely to experience increased income and career concerns than those in Finland and Sweden. Our results also suggest that income concerns were associated with one’s current financial situation, future financial situation, childhood financial situation, and loneliness. Also, career concerns were related to generalized mistrust, loneliness, and age. For both country-specific and general analyses, loneliness emerged as the most important for increased income and career concerns for emerging adults in all three countries.

KeywordsCOVID-19careeryoung peopleincomeadults

Free keywordsCOVID-19; emerging adults; young people; income concerns; career concerns

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 01:26