A1 Journal article (refereed)
Climate targets in European timber-producing countries conflict with goals on forest ecosystem services and biodiversity (2023)

Blattert, C., Mönkkönen, M., Burgas, D., Di Fulvio, F., Toraño Caicoya, A., Vergarechea, M., Klein, J., Hartikainen, M., Antón-Fernández, C., Astrup, R., Emmerich, M., Forsell, N., Lukkarinen, J., Lundström, J., Pitzén, S., Poschenrieder, W., Primmer, E., Snäll, T., & Eyvindson, K. (2023). Climate targets in European timber-producing countries conflict with goals on forest ecosystem services and biodiversity. Communications Earth and Environment, 4, Article 119. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-023-00771-z

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsBlattert, Clemens; Mönkkönen, Mikko; Burgas, Daniel; Di Fulvio, Fulvio; Toraño Caicoya, Astor; Vergarechea, Marta; Klein, Julian; Hartikainen, Markus; Antón-Fernández, Clara; Astrup, Rasmus; et al.

Journal or seriesCommunications Earth and Environment


Publication year2023

Publication date14/04/2023


Article number119

PublisherNature Publishing Group

Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/86455


The European Union (EU) set clear climate change mitigation targets to reach climate neutrality, accounting for forests and their woody biomass resources. We investigated the consequences of increased harvest demands resulting from EU climate targets. We analysed the impacts on national policy objectives for forest ecosystem services and biodiversity through empirical forest simulation and multi-objective optimization methods. We show that key European timber-producing countries – Finland, Sweden, Germany (Bavaria) – cannot fulfil the increased harvest demands linked to the ambitious 1.5°C target. Potentials for harvest increase only exists in the studied region Norway. However, focusing on EU climate targets conflicts with several national policies and causes adverse effects on multiple ecosystem services and biodiversity. We argue that the role of forests and their timber resources in achieving climate targets and societal decarbonization should not be overstated. Our study provides insight for other European countries challenged by conflicting policies and supports policymakers.

Keywordsecosystem servicesenvironmental impact assessmentforestry

Free keywordsecosystem services; environmental impact; forestry

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-03-07 at 00:26