A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Ammatillista opetusta etäällä ja lähellä : inklusiivinen hybridipedagogiikka ja opettajan osaaminen koronapandemian jäljiltä (2023)
Hybrid vocational teaching in the light of inclusive pedagogy and teacher competence in the age of COVID-19

Hakala, K., Raudasoja, I.-M., Raudasoja, A., Lakkala, S., Pirttimaa, R., & Kiuru, E. (2023). Ammatillista opetusta etäällä ja lähellä : inklusiivinen hybridipedagogiikka ja opettajan osaaminen koronapandemian jäljiltä. Kasvatus, 54, 88-102. https://doi.org/10.33348/kvt.130116

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsHakala, Katariina; Raudasoja, Ida-Maria; Raudasoja, Anu; Lakkala, Suvi; Pirttimaa, Raija; Kiuru, Eerika

Journal or seriesKasvatus



Publication year2023

Publication date20/05/2023


Pages range88-102

PublisherSuomen kasvatustieteellinen seura

Publication countryFinland

Publication languageFinnish


Persistent website addresshttps://journal.fi/kasvatus/article/view/130116

Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open accessDelayed open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/89178

Additional informationTeemanumero: Koronaviruspandemian vaikutukset kasvatukseen ja koulutukseen II
Artikkeli avautuu Journal.fi -palvelussa 12 kuukauden kuluttua julkaisemisesta.


The development of vocational education and training (VET) practices has been accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic, and novel digital solutions have been found. According to the value basis of inclusive education, each learner’s skills and strengths are the starting point of teaching. In this qualitative literature review we analyze how inclusive hybrid teaching, i.e. the combination of remote and contact teaching, can be successfully implemented inclusively and what kind of teacher competence is required. The aim is to produce knowledge on how to develop inclusive hybrid teaching. 57 research articles were analyzed in order to answer the following questions: 1) What kind of hybrid pedagogical practices have been used during the last ten years in VET for different student groups? 2) How is inclusive pedagogy realized in these practices? 3) What kind of teacher competence is needed in inclusive hybrid pedagogical practices? Elements of multimodal hybrid teaching that combines distant and contact teaching, digital applications, and virtual learning environments were found in the analysis. In VET, the inclusive hybrid teaching practices are based on learner skills, working life orientation and the students’ equal opportunities for active participation. Inclusive hybrid teaching demands pedagogical leadership, wide collaboration and coordination of work among the school professionals.

KeywordsCOVID-19vocational education and trainingeducational methodsdigitalisationdistance teachingteachersprofessional skillspedagogyinclusionmultimodality

Free keywordsflipped learning; hybrid learning; hybrid pedagogy; multimodal learning; vocational education; vocational higher education

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-15-05 at 13:04