B2 Book section
Conclusions : Spaces of Hope and Despair? (2023)

Biekart, K., Kontinen, T., & Millstein, M. (2023). Conclusions : Spaces of Hope and Despair?. In K. Biekart, T. Kontinen, & M. Millstein (Eds.), Civil Society Responses to Changing Civic Spaces (pp. 273-288). Palgrave Macmillan. EADI Global Development Series. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-23305-0_13

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Biekart, Kees; Kontinen, Tiina; Millstein, Marianne

Parent publication: Civil Society Responses to Changing Civic Spaces

Parent publication editors: Biekart, Kees; Kontinen, Tiina; Millstein, Marianne

ISBN: 978-3-031-23304-3

eISBN: 978-3-031-23305-0

Journal or series: EADI Global Development Series

ISSN: 2947-8529

eISSN: 2947-8537

Publication year: 2023

Publication date: 25/05/2023

Pages range: 273-288

Number of pages in the book: 293

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

Place of Publication: Cham

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-031-23305-0_13

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/87371


This concluding chapter summarizes the key findings of the individual chapters. It recaps the diverse conceptualizations of civic space used, as well as the restrictions and civil society responses identified. The chapter concludes with reflections on other perspectives not elaborated in this particular volume and on potential agendas for future research.

Keywords: civil society; civic activism; non-governmental organisations; democracy; fundamental rights; political rights; societal change; authoritarianism; populism; unusual conditions; COVID-19

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2023

Last updated on 2023-30-08 at 10:05