A1 Journal article (refereed)
Out-of-home interventions for adolescents who were treated according to the Open Dialogue model for mental health care (2023)

Bergström, T., Kurtti, M., Miettunen, J., Yliruka, L., & Valtanen, K. (2023). Out-of-home interventions for adolescents who were treated according to the Open Dialogue model for mental health care. Child Abuse and Neglect, 145, Article 106408. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2023.106408

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsBergström, Tomi; Kurtti, Mia; Miettunen, Jouko; Yliruka, Laura; Valtanen, Kari

Journal or seriesChild Abuse and Neglect



Publication year2023

Publication date25/08/2023


Article number106408


Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/88847


The Open Dialogue approach (OD) emphasizes community-based psychiatric treatment for adolescents, but its success in achieving this is poorly documented.

To analyse out-of-home intervention usage in a national sample of adolescent psychiatric patients and determine if OD is linked to increased time until out-of-home intervention.

Participants and setting
The register-based cohort study included all adolescents aged 13–20 who received psychiatric treatment in Finland between 2003 and 2008. The research group (n = 780) included adolescents whose treatment was initiated in the Western Lapland catchment area, where OD covered the entire psychiatric service. The comparison group (n = 44,088) included the rest of Finland. National register data encompassed the period from treatment onset until the end of the 10-year follow-up or death. The primary outcomes of interest were the times to the first and second out-of-home intervention, including foster care, supportive housing, and hospitalization. The secondary outcomes included the clinical/demographic characteristics of adolescents treated out-of-home.

The hypothesis was tested via an inverse probability of treatment–weighted Cox hazard model, plus within- and between-group comparisons to analyse the secondary outcome.

OD was associated with increased time to the first (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 0.61, 95%CI: 0.52–0.72) and second (aHR: 0.75, 95%CI: 0.58–0.96) out-of-home interventions. In both service types, there was a subgroup of adolescents with repeated out-of-home interventions, who also demonstrated poorer long-term outcomes.

OD-based psychiatric services for adolescents are associated with fewer out-of-home interventions. The clinical significance of the findings warrants further research.

Keywordschild protectionmental healthpsychiatrypsychiatric patientscareinterventionyoung peoplecohort study

Free keywordschild protection system; effectiveness; hospitalization; long-term outcomes; mental health; psychiatry; supportive housing

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-15-05 at 13:21