A1 Journal article (refereed)
Effect of Secondary Heat Treatment after a Washing on the Electrochemical Performance of Co-Free LiNi0.975Al0.025O2 Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries (2024)


Välikangas, J., Laine, P., Hu, T., Tynjälä, P., Selent, M., Molaiyan, P., Jürgen, K., & Lassi, U. (2024). Effect of Secondary Heat Treatment after a Washing on the Electrochemical Performance of Co-Free LiNi0.975Al0.025O2 Cathodes for Li-Ion Batteries. Small, 20(4), Article 2305349. https://doi.org/10.1002/smll.202305349


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editorsVälikangas, Juho; Laine, Petteri; Hu, Tao; Tynjälä, Pekka; Selent, Marcin; Molaiyan, Palanivel; Jürgen, Kahr; Lassi, Ulla

Journal or seriesSmall

ISSN1613-6810

eISSN1613-6829

Publication year2024

Publication date15/09/2023

Volume20

Issue number4

Article number2305349

PublisherWiley-VCH Verlag

Publication countryGermany

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1002/smll.202305349

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/89154


Abstract

The steadily growing electric vehicle market is a driving force in low-cost, high-energy-density lithium-ion battery development. To meet this demand, LiNi0.975Al0.025O2 (LNA), a high-energy-density and cobalt-free cathode material, has been developed using a low-cost and efficient co-precipitation and lithiation process. This article explores how further processing (i.e., washing residual lithium from the secondary particle surface and applying a secondary heat treatment at 650 °C) changes the chemical environment of the surface and the electrochemical performance of the LNA cathode material. After washing, a nonconductive nickel oxide (NiO) phase is formed on the surface, decreasing the initial capacity in electrochemical tests, and suppressing high-voltage (H2) to (H3) phase transition results in enhanced cycle properties. Furthermore, the secondary heat treatment re-lithiates surface NiO back to LNAand increases the initial capacity with enhanced cycle properties. Electrochemical tests are performed with the cells without tap charge to suppress the H2 to H3 phase transition. Results reveal that avoiding charging cells at a high voltage for a long time dramatically improves LNA's cycle life. In addition, the gas analysis tests performed during charge and discharge to reveal how the amount of residual lithium compounds on the surface affects gas formation are studied.


Keywordslithium-ion batterieselectrodesheat treatmentsurface chemistryelectrochemistry


Contributing organizations


Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

Preliminary JUFO rating3


Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 21:05