A1 Journal article (refereed)
Slit extraction and emittance results of a permanent magnet minimum-B quadrupole electron cyclotron resonance ion source (2024)


Kosonen, S., Kalvas, T., Koivisto, H., Tarvainen, O., & Toivanen, V. (2024). Slit extraction and emittance results of a permanent magnet minimum-B quadrupole electron cyclotron resonance ion source. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B : Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, 546, Article 165147. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2023.165147


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Publication details

All authors or editorsKosonen, Sami; Kalvas, Taneli; Koivisto, Hannu; Tarvainen, Olli; Toivanen, Ville

Journal or seriesNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section B : Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms

ISSN0168-583X

eISSN1872-9584

Publication year2024

Publication date04/11/2023

Volume546

Article number165147

PublisherElsevier

Publication countryNetherlands

Publication languageEnglish

DOIhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.nimb.2023.165147

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/91827


Abstract

We present an experimental and simulation study of high charge state ion beams produced with a permanent magnet electron cyclotron resonance ion source (ECRIS) with minimum-B quadrupole magnetic field topology and slit extraction system. The unconventional topology generates fan-shaped plasma flux, favouring a rectangular aperture for beam extraction. We demonstrate successful low-energy transport of the slit beam, achieving up to 25 times higher beam currents compared to a round extraction aperture. Maximum beam intensities are 1.5 and 15 μA for argon 11+ and 9+, respectively. The results indicate microwave power-limited beam production. Emittance values are comparable to traditional ECRIS. Unlike in conventional ECRIS, the emittance increases monotonically with increasing charge state due to slit extraction, magnetic topology, and beam transport characteristics. The experimental transport efficiency for helium ranges from 32% to 50%, depending on the total beam current. The losses primarily occur due to the dipole magnet’s insufficient vertical aperture.


Keywordsparticle acceleratorscyclotronsplasma physics

Free keywordsion source; electron cyclotron resonance; ion beam; plasma confinement; emittance; beam extraction


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Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2024

Preliminary JUFO rating2


Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 21:46