A1 Journal article (refereed)
Natural deadwood hosts more diverse pioneering wood‐inhabiting fungal communities than restored deadwood (2023)

Saine, S., Penttilä, R., Furneaux, B., Monkhouse, N., Zakharov, E. V., Ovaskainen, O., & Abrego, N. (2023). Natural deadwood hosts more diverse pioneering wood‐inhabiting fungal communities than restored deadwood. Restoration Ecology, Early View. https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.14056

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Saine, Sonja; Penttilä, Reijo; Furneaux, Brendan; Monkhouse, Norman; Zakharov, Evgeny V.; Ovaskainen, Otso; Abrego, Nerea

Journal or series: Restoration Ecology

ISSN: 1061-2971

eISSN: 1526-100X

Publication year: 2023

Publication date: 16/11/2023

Volume: Early View

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/rec.14056

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/91997


Deadwood can be recreated as a forest restoration measure to increase the amount of deadwood and assist deadwood-dependent biodiversity. While deadwood restoration is known to have an overall positive effect on associated species in the long term, it remains poorly understood how and when wood-inhabiting organisms colonize different kinds of deadwood, which is essential for developing efficient restoration frameworks. In this study, we use DNA metabarcoding to compare wood-inhabiting fungal communities between fresh naturally fallen spruce logs and spruce logs felled for restoration. The results show that although pioneering fungal community composition greatly differs between natural and felled logs, with natural logs hosting more species-rich and heterogeneous communities, felled logs still hold a relatively high fungal diversity. Responses to log type carried a strong phylogenetic signal, and orders Polyporales and Hymenochaetales including most species of conservation concern were more likely to occur in natural than in felled logs. Furthermore, we found that log type was more important for rarely recorded than commonly recorded taxa, suggesting that rare species might be more specialized in their habitat requirements than the common ones. Overall, while restored deadwood can hold a high fungal diversity, the results underline that freshly felled logs do not mimic fresh natural logs. Deadwood restoration should focus not only on increasing the quantity of deadwood but also on the quality of thereof, and most importantly, retaining the existing natural deadwood rather than artificially downing trees.

Keywords: trees; decayed wood; forests; nature; natural diversity

Free keywords: colonization; deadwood restoration; ecological restoration; metabarcoding; mortality factor; saproxylic

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Preliminary JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2023-26-11 at 07:30