A1 Journal article (refereed)
Critical literacy in the PISA 2018 reading literacy assessment (2023)

Sirén, M., & Sulkunen, S. (2023). Critical literacy in the PISA 2018 reading literacy assessment. Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, Early online. https://doi.org/10.1080/00313831.2023.2287458

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsSirén, Marjo; Sulkunen, Sari

Journal or seriesScandinavian Journal of Educational Research



Publication year2023

Publication date30/11/2023

VolumeEarly online


Publication countryUnited Kingdom

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessPartially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/92406


This study examined which aspects of critical literacy are focused on in the reading literacy assessment for the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2018 and what kinds of texts are related to the critical literacy items in the test. Based on theory-oriented qualitative content analysis, critical literacy items in PISA represented, for example, determining the purpose of a text or separating fact and opinion. Most of the items were related to genre approaches to critical literacy, yet they ignored social justice aspects. Furthermore, the test consisted mostly of informational texts and only a few fictional texts. The findings indicate a need to develop a more comprehensive critical literacy assessment tool.

KeywordsreadingliteracyProgramme for International Student Assessmentevaluation researchlearning resultsinternational comparison

Free keywordsPISA; Reading literacy assessment; International achievement studies; Content analysis; Critical literacy

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-02-07 at 23:06