G5 Doctoral dissertation (article)
Harmonization of multi-site MRI data (2023)
Monen sivuston MRI-tietojen harmonisointi

Xu, H. (2023). Harmonization of multi-site MRI data [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Jyväskylä. JYU dissertations, 736. https://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-9884-4

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsXu, Huashuai


Journal or seriesJYU dissertations


Publication year2023

Number in series736

Number of pages in the book1 verkkoaineisto (73, 12 sivua, 41 numeroimatonta sivua)

PublisherUniversity of Jyväskylä

Place of PublicationJyväskylä

Publication countryFinland

Publication languageFinnish

Persistent website addresshttps://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-9884-4

Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel


Combining magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data from different sites is now common to improve research with larger, more varied groups, which makes studies more powerful and representative. However, this approach faces challenges due to differences in MRI scanners that can distort results. Two methods, independent component analysis (ICA) and general linear model (GLM), are used to correct these site effects, but they struggle to fully remove them without affecting the data's real signals, especially when these signals are related to the very scanner differences they aim to correct. In this thesis, we introduced an effective noise-reduction method utilizing the dual-projection (DP) concept grounded on independent component analysis (ICA) to mitigate site-specific influences in combined data. This method can separate the signal effects from the identified site-related components and then remove site effects without losing signals of interest. To validate the method's effectiveness, we simulated two scenarios, one where the site and signal variables are correlated and another where they are not. Structural and functional MRI data from the Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange II and a traveling subject dataset from the Strategic Research Program for Brain Sciences were employed to test the ICA-DP methods for removing site effects and preserving signal effects. We also proposed an innovative multimodal denoising approach that employs a dual projection (DP) methodology grounded on linked independent component analysis (LICA) to remove the site effects. Compared with unimodal studies, using LICA on multimodal MRI data offers a more precise estimation of site effects. Structural and functional MRI data from Autism Brain Imaging Data Exchange II validated the LICA-DP methods. In conclusion, our approaches using ICA-DP and LICA-DP have demonstrated their efficacy in mitigating site-related influences while maintaining biological variation. Such a strategy can greatly boost the validity of neuroimaging studies, and we are confident it will be an indispensable resource for forthcoming research.

Keywordsmagnetic resonance imagingreliability (general)multimodalityindependent component analysisprojection (modelling)doctoral dissertations

Free keywordsmulti-site; magnetic resonance imaging; site effects; biological variability; multimodal; dual-projection; independent component analysis

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2023

Last updated on 2024-15-05 at 13:34