A1 Journal article (refereed)
The Role of Pre-Socratics in Ṣadrā's Philosophy (2024)

Erdt, A. (2024). The Role of Pre-Socratics in Ṣadrā's Philosophy. Philosophy East and West, 74(1), 66-88. https://doi.org/10.1353/pew.2024.a918470

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsErdt, Agnieszka

Journal or seriesPhilosophy East and West



Publication year2024


Issue number1

Pages range66-88

PublisherUniversity of Hawai‘i Press

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/93771


This article analyzes Ṣadrā's (d. 1045/1635–1636) use of historical sources on pre-Socratics in his discussions devoted to the two correlated problems of the origination of the world and the theory of chance. His overall attitude to pre-Socratics is that of an Illuminationist philosopher. This is facilitated by the fact that the sources he consults present Neoplatonic interpretations of a number of pre-Socratic views that he finds easy to reconcile with his own doctrines. In his discussion on the material world's origination, Ṣadrā sees them as precursors of his own doctrine of substantial motion. However, when it comes to chance Ṣadrā has to address Ibn Sina's refutation of the views of Democritus and Empedocles. Ṣadrā's discussion is based on Rāzī's summary treatment of Ibn Sina's critique but intertwined with assertions (which trace back to Suhrawardī) that pre-Socratic views were misunderstood or even fabricated.

KeywordsphilosophytheologyIslammetaphysicscosmologyArabic philosophypre-Socratic philosophyneoplatonism

Free keywordsMullā Ṣadrā

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Ministry reportingYes

Preliminary JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-01-03 at 10:26