A1 Journal article (refereed)
Stable Isotope Analysis Reveals Common Teal (Anas crecca) Molting Sites in Western Siberia : Implications for Avian Influenza Virus Spread (2024)

Druzyaka, A. V., Druzyaka, O. R., Sharshov, K. A., Kasianov, N., Dubovitskiy, N., Derko, A. A., Frolov, I. G., Torniainen, J., Wang, W., Minina, M. A., & Shestopalov, A. M. (2024). Stable Isotope Analysis Reveals Common Teal (Anas crecca) Molting Sites in Western Siberia : Implications for Avian Influenza Virus Spread. Microorganisms, 12(2), Article 357. https://doi.org/10.3390/microorganisms12020357

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsDruzyaka, Alexey V.; Druzyaka, Olga R.; Sharshov, Kirill A.; Kasianov, Nikita; Dubovitskiy, Nikita; Derko, Anastasiya A.; Frolov, Ivan G.; Torniainen, Jyrki; Wang, Wen; Minina, Mariya A.; et al.

Journal or seriesMicroorganisms


Publication year2024

Publication date09/02/2024


Issue number2

Article number357

PublisherMDPI AG

Publication countrySwitzerland

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessOpenly available

Publication channel open accessOpen Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/93621


The wetlands of southwestern Siberia (SWS) are a crossroads of bird migration routes, bringing avian influenza (AIV) strains that were previously isolated in different regions of the continent to Siberia. It is known that Anseriformes that breed in SWS migrate for the winter to central Hindustan or further west, while their migration routes to southeast Asia (SEA) remain unconfirmed. Here, we mapped the molting sites of the migrating Common Teals (Anas crecca) via analyzing stable hydrogen isotope content in feathers of hunters’ prey and supplemented the analysis with the genetic structure of viruses isolated from teals in the same region. Post-breeding molt of autumn teals most likely occurred within the study region, whereas probable pre-breeding molting grounds of spring teals were in the south of Hindustan. This link was supported by viral phylogenetic analysis, which showed a close relationship between SWS isolates and viruses from south and southeast Asia. Most viral segments have the highest genetic similarity and the closest phylogenetic relationships with viruses from teal wintering areas in southeast Asian countries, including India and Korea. We assume that the winter molt of SWS breeding teals on the Hindustan coast suggests contacts with the local avifauna, including species migrating along the coast to SEA. Perhaps this is one of the vectors of AIV transmission within Eurasia.

KeywordsAnas creccaavian influenzaanimal migrationviruses

Free keywordsavian influenza; migration routes; molting grounds; stable isotopes; isoscape; Anas crecca; common teal

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2024

Preliminary JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-15-06 at 21:26