A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
The person-oriented approach to burnout : A systematic review (2016)

Mäkikangas, A., & Kinnunen, U. (2016). The person-oriented approach to burnout : A systematic review. Burnout Research, 3(March), 11-23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burn.2015.12.002

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Mäkikangas, Anne; Kinnunen, Ulla

Journal or series: Burnout Research

ISSN: 2213-0578

eISSN: 2213-0586

Publication year: 2016

Volume: 3

Issue number: March

Pages range: 11-23

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.burn.2015.12.002

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/48393


The variable-oriented approach has dominated empirical burnout research, but during the last 10 years a person-oriented approach to burnout has also become common. The aim of this systematic literature review was to identify, categorize and evaluate the empirical research to date that has adopted a person-oriented approach to burnout. The results of these studies were then compared with those generated by variable-oriented burnout research. An electronic search of seven databases was conducted in spring 2015. Initially 470 publications were identified, 24 of which met the selection criteria. The reviewed articles were categorized into three groups based on their research target(s): (1) intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms (i.e., types of burnout) (42%), (2) intra-individual development of burnout over time (i.e., burnout trajectories) (33%), and (3) patterns of well-being indicators within individuals (i.e., well-being types) (33%). The typical burnout types and trajectories identified by person-oriented research were largely parallel with the information produced by variable-oriented research, but also brought out the heterogeneity of the burnout experience by revealing atypical burnout and well-being types and individual developmental trajectories. The advantages, along with the challenges, of taking a person-oriented approach are discussed. Based on the study designs, methodologies, and main findings of the reviewed studies, five avenues for future person-oriented burnout studies are proposed.

Free keywords: burnout; person-oriented approach; systematic review

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2016

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-20-09 at 15:56