A1 Journal article (refereed)
Chemical changes in black alder (Alnus glutinosa) and European aspen (Populus tremula) during heating at 150 - 220 °C in a nitrogen atmosphere (2001)


Toivanen, T.-J., Alén, R., & Kotilainen, R. (2001). Chemical changes in black alder (Alnus glutinosa) and European aspen (Populus tremula) during heating at 150 - 220 °C in a nitrogen atmosphere. Cellulose Chemistry and Technology, 35 (3,4).


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Toivanen, Timo-Jaakko; Alén, Raimo; Kotilainen, Risto

ISBN: 0576-9787

Journal or series: Cellulose Chemistry and Technology

Publication year: 2001

Volume: 35

Issue number: 3,4

Publication language: English

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available


Free keywords: Alnus glutinosa; Populus tremula; heat treatment; nitrogen atmosphere; chemical composition; elemental composition; UV/Vis spectrophotometry; PLS model

Fields of science:


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Preliminary JUFO rating: Not rated


Last updated on 2020-29-11 at 21:25