A1 Journal article (refereed)
Motivation and academic performance among first-graders : A person-oriented approach (2016)

Viljaranta, J., Aunola, K., & Hirvonen, R. (2016). Motivation and academic performance among first-graders : A person-oriented approach. Learning and Individual Differences, 49(July), 366-372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.06.002

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Viljaranta, Jaana; Aunola, Kaisa; Hirvonen, Riikka

Journal or series: Learning and Individual Differences

ISSN: 1041-6080

eISSN: 1873-3425

Publication year: 2016

Volume: 49

Issue number: July

Pages range: 366-372

Publisher: Pergamon

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.06.002

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


The present study applies a person-oriented approach to examine the motivational patterns children show on the basis of their reading- and math-related intrinsic value and self-concept of ability and how these patterns are related to their reading and math performance during the first grade of elementary school. The participants were 156 first grade children. The children were examined at the beginning and at the end of their first grade of elementary school. Five groups of children showing differing motivational patterns were identified using the ISOA procedure: Positive, Negative, Math-motivated, Reading-motivated, and Low interest but high belief. Children's motivational patterns were associated with the level of their math and reading performance in the beginning of, as well as across, grade 1.

Keywords: mathematics; reading; teaching and instruction; mathematical skills; literacy; learning; self image; motivation (mental objects); child-centeredness; elementary education; lower comprehensive school

Free keywords: self-concept of ability; math performance; reading performance; person-oriented approach

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2016

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2021-30-06 at 15:33