A1 Journal article (refereed)
A Validation Study of Classroom Assessment Scoring System-Secondary in the Finnish School Context (2018)

Virtanen, T., Pakarinen, E., Lerkkanen, M.-K., Poikkeus, A.-M., Siekkinen, M., & Nurmi, J.-E. (2018). A Validation Study of Classroom Assessment Scoring System-Secondary in the Finnish School Context. Journal of Early Adolescence, 38(6), 849-880. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431617699944

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Virtanen, Tuomo; Pakarinen, Eija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Siekkinen, M.; Nurmi, Jari-Erik

Journal or series: Journal of Early Adolescence

ISSN: 0272-4316

eISSN: 1552-5449

Publication year: 2018

Volume: 38

Issue number: 6

Pages range: 849-880

Publisher: Sage Publications

Place of Publication: Thousand Oaks

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0272431617699944

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/60269


This study examined the reliability and validity of the Classroom Assessment Scoring System–Secondary (CLASS-S) in Finnish classrooms. Trained observers coded classroom interactions based on video recordings of 46 Grade 6 classrooms (450 cycles). Concurrent associations were investigated with respect to teacher self-ratings (e.g., efficacy beliefs and teaching-related stress). Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the hypothesized three-factor structure of the original CLASS-S (Emotional Support, Organizational Support, and Instructional Support), with some modifications, provided a better fit for the data compared with one- and two-factor structures. Structural validity was demonstrated by mostly high factor loadings. Except for two interrater intraclass correlations, all item, scale, and interrater reliabilities were either acceptable or good. The study found some evidence for concurrent associations between the three CLASS-S factors and teacher self-ratings. The results provide evidence of the applicability of the CLASS-S instrument in educational contexts (Finland) outside the United States.

Keywords: classroom work; teaching situation; teaching and instruction; quality; evaluation methods; observation; structural analysis

Free keywords: Classroom Assessment Scoring System-Secondary (CLASS-S); Teaching Through Interactions; classroom observation; structure analysis

Contributing organizations

Other organizations:

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2018

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-16-07 at 10:46