A1 Journal article (refereed)
Validity of long-term and short-term recall of occupational sitting time in Finnish and Chinese office workers (2020)

Gao, Y., Cronin, N., Nevala, N., & Finni Juutinen, T. (2020). Validity of long-term and short-term recall of occupational sitting time in Finnish and Chinese office workers. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 9(4), 345-351. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2017.06.003

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Gao, Ying; Cronin, Neil; Nevala, Nina; Finni Juutinen, Taija

Journal or series: Journal of Sport and Health Science

ISSN: 2095-2546

eISSN: 2213-2961

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 9

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 345-351

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2017.06.003

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71627


As sedentary behavior is a global health issue, there is a need for methods of self-reported sitting assessment. The accuracy and reliability of these methods should also be tested in various populations and different cultural contexts. This study examined the validity of long-term and short-term recall of occupational sitting time in Finnish and Chinese subgroups.

Two cohort groups of office-based workers (58.6% female, age range 22–67 years) participated: a Finnish group (FIN, n = 34) and a Chinese group (CHI, n = 36). Long-term (past 3-month sitting) and short-term (daily sitting assessed on 5 consecutive days) single-item measures were used to assess self-reported occupational sitting time. Values from each participant were compared to objectively measured occupational sitting time assessed via thigh-mounted accelerometers, with Spearman's rho (ρ) used to assess validity and the Bland-Altman method used to evaluate agreement. Coefficients of variation depicted day-to-day variability of time spent on sitting at work.

In the total study sample, the results showed that both long-term and short-term recall correlated with accelerometer-derived sitting time (ρ = 0.532, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.336–0.684, p < 0.001; ρ = 0.533, 95%CI: 0.449–0.607, p < 0.001, respectively). Compared to objectively measured sitting time, self-reported occupational sitting time was 2.4% (95%CI: −0.5% to 5.3%, p = 0.091) and 2.2% (95%CI: 0.7%–3.6%, p = 0.005) greater for long-term and short-term recall, respectively. The agreement level was within the range −21.2% to 25.9% for long-term recall, and −24.2% to 28.5% for short-term recall. During a 5-day work week, day-to-day variation of sitting time was 9.4% ± 11.4% according to short-term recall and 10.4% ± 8.4% according to accelerometry-derived occupational sitting time.

Overall, both long-term and short-term self-reported instruments provide acceptable measures of occupational sitting time in an office-based workplace, but their utility at the individual level is limited due to large variability.

Keywords: office workers; sitting; sedentary work; measurement; measuring instruments (devices); office work; validity

Free keywords: accelerometry; daily recall; questionnaire; self-report; sitting time

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-07-07 at 21:34