A1 Journal article (refereed)
Brain event-related potentials to phoneme contrasts and their correlation to reading skills in school-age children (2018)

Hämäläinen, J., Landi, N., Loberg, O., Lohvansuu, K., Pugh, K., & Leppänen, P. H. (2018). Brain event-related potentials to phoneme contrasts and their correlation to reading skills in school-age children. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 42(3), 357-372. https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025417728582

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Hämäläinen, Jarmo; Landi, Nicole; Loberg, Otto; Lohvansuu, Kaisa; Pugh, Kenneth; Leppänen, Paavo H.T.

Journal or series: International Journal of Behavioral Development

ISSN: 0165-0254

eISSN: 1464-0651

Publication year: 2018

Volume: 42

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 357-372

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd.

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/0165025417728582

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/57833


Development of reading skills has been shown to be tightly linked to phonological processing skills and to some extent to speech perception abilities. Although speech perception is also known to play a role in reading development, it is not clear which processes underlie this connection. Using event-related potentials (ERPs) we investigated the speech processing mechanisms for common and uncommon sound contrasts (/ba/-/da/-/ga/ and /ata/-/at: a/) with respect to the native language of school-age children in Finland and the US. In addition, a comprehensive behavioral test battery of reading and phonological processing was administered. ERPs revealed that the children could discriminate between the speech sound contrasts (place of articulation and phoneme length) regardless of their native language. No differences emerged between the Finnish and US children in their change detection responses. The brain responses to the phoneme length contrast, however, correlated robustly with reading scores in the US children, with larger responses being linked to poorer reading skills. Finnish children also showed correlations between the reading and phonological measures and ERP responses, but the pattern of results was not as clear as for the US children. The results indicate that speech perception is linked to reading skills and this link is more robust for uncommon speech sound contrasts.

Keywords: reading; dyslexia; literacy; reading disorders; phonology; EEG

Free keywords: children; cross-linguistic; event-related potentials; speech

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Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2018

JUFO rating: 2

Last updated on 2023-15-02 at 08:59