A1 Journal article (refereed)
Sport burnout inventory - dual career form for student-athletes : assessing validity and reliability in a finnish sample of adolescent athletes (2020)

Sorkkila, M., Ryba, T. V., Aunola, K., Selänne, H., & Salmela-Aro, K. (2020). Sport burnout inventory - dual career form for student-athletes : assessing validity and reliability in a finnish sample of adolescent athletes. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 9(4), 358-366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2017.10.006

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Sorkkila, Matilda; Ryba, Tatiana V.; Aunola, Kaisa; Selänne, Harri; Salmela-Aro, Katariina

Journal or series: Journal of Sport and Health Science

ISSN: 2095-2546

eISSN: 2213-2961

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 9

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 358-366

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: Netherlands

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jshs.2017.10.006

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/71626


The pressure of pursuing an athletic career simultaneously with education may set adolescent student-athletes at risk for sport and school burnout. Although the 2 life domains of student-athletes are strongly intertwined, so far, there has not been an instrument for investigating sport burnout parallel to school burnout. The aim of the present study was to introduce a sport burnout measure for adolescents in a dual career context and investigate its validity and reliability by using confirmatory factor analysis.

The participants were 391 student-athletes (51% females) who filled in a questionnaire of sport burnout and background variables in the beginning of upper secondary school.

A 3-factor model or a second-order-factor model described the data better and gave better reliability indices than a 1-factor model. The 3 dimensions of sport burnout were shown to be separate, but closely related constructs. Evidence for convergent and discriminant validity was obtained by correlating the 3 sport burnout dimensions with depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and sport task values.

The results suggest that Sport Burnout Inventory–Dual Career Form (SpBI-DC) is a valid and reliable instrument for investigating sport burnout among adolescent student-athletes.

Keywords: athletes; career development; study; depression (mental disorders); exhaustion; symptoms; self-esteem

Free keywords: confirmatory factor analysis; depressive symptoms; dual career; sport burnout inventory; sport task values

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-20-09 at 16:10