A1 Journal article (refereed)
Sport and civil society in the Nordic region (2019)

Giulianotti, R., Itkonen, H., Nevala, A., & Salmikangas, A.-K. (2019). Sport and civil society in the Nordic region. Sport in Society, 22(4), 540-554. https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2017.1390906

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Giulianotti, Richard; Itkonen, Hannu; Nevala, Arto; Salmikangas, Anna-Katriina

Journal or series: Sport in Society

ISSN: 1743-0437

eISSN: 1743-0445

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 22

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 540-554

Publisher: Routledge

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17430437.2017.1390906

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65782

Additional information: Special issue: Sport and Outdoor Life in the Nordic World.


This paper examines the key elements within the relationships of sport and civil society in Scandinavia. The analysis combines themes and developments in Nordic sport and civil society, such as the role of the welfare state and the impacts of neoliberalism, with consideration of specific national experiences, especially in Finland. The discussion has four main parts. First, we set out the principal features of the ‘Nordic model’ of society, and how it shapes sport and civil society relations. Second, we advance a Finnish case study, examining the historical connections of three sectors to the national sport culture. Third, we consider how, in recent decades, the Nordic model has encountered and sought to respond to neoliberalism and globalization processes. Finally, we explore how Nordic societies have sought to influence globalization processes and ‘global civil society’ through sport, specifically through taking lead roles within the transnational ‘sport for development and peace’ sector.

Keywords: physical training; civil society; exercise culture; policy on physical training

Free keywords: sport; civil society; Nordic region

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-24-11 at 11:12