A1 Journal article (refereed)
Exploring early adolescents’ evaluation of academic and commercial online resources related to health (2018)

Kiili, C., Leu, D. J., Marttunen, M., Hautala, J., & Leppänen, P. H. (2018). Exploring early adolescents’ evaluation of academic and commercial online resources related to health. Reading and Writing, 31(3), 533-557. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11145-017-9797-2

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsKiili, Carita; Leu, Donald J.; Marttunen, Miika; Hautala, Jarkko; Leppänen, Paavo H.T.

Journal or seriesReading and Writing



Publication year2018


Issue number3

Pages range533-557

PublisherSpringer Netherlands

Publication countryNetherlands

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/57092


This study assessed the ability of 426 students (ages 12–13) to critically evaluate two types of online locations on health issues: an academic resource and a commercial resource. The results indicated limited evaluation abilities, especially for the commercial resource, and only a small, partial association with prior stance and offline reading ability. Only about half (51.4%) of the students questioned the credibility of the commercial online resource and only about 19% of the students showed an ability to fully recognize commercial bias. Wide variation existed in students’ ability to evaluate online information, as approximately one-fourth of the students performed poorly when evaluating the overall credibility of both online resources and one-fourth performed well. Logistic regression models showed that offline reading skills accounted for only 8.8% of the variance for the academic online resource and 15.1% of that for the commercial resource. No association appeared between evaluation and background knowledge, although an association with prior stance was observed for each online resource. The results are discussed in light of previous research and the need to pay greater attention to the critical evaluation of online resources during classroom instruction.

Keywordsinformation sourcesevaluationinformation literacycritical thinkinghealth education (curriculum subjects)

Free keywordsonline reading; digital literacy; adolescents; critical reading

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2018

JUFO rating2

Last updated on 2024-08-01 at 15:24