A1 Journal article (refereed)
Sustainable antibullying program implementation : School profiles and predictors (2020)

Sainio, M., Herkama, S., Turunen, T., Rönkkö, M., Kontio, M., Poskiparta, E., & Salmivalli, C. (2020). Sustainable antibullying program implementation : School profiles and predictors. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 61(1), 132-142. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12487

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Sainio, Miia; Herkama, Sanna; Turunen, Tiina; Rönkkö, Mikko; Kontio, Mari; Poskiparta, Elisa; Salmivalli, Christina

Journal or series: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology

ISSN: 0036-5564

eISSN: 1467-9450

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 61

Issue number: 1

Pages range: 132-142

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/sjop.12487

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Partially open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67336

Additional information: Special issue on School bullying and cyberbullying among children and adolescents.


We examined the sustainability of the KiVa antibullying program in Finland from its nationwide roll‐out in 2009 to 2016. Using latent class analyses, we identified four different patterns of implementation. The persistent schools (43%) maintained a high likelihood of participation throughout the study period. The awakened (14%) had a decreasing trend during the first years, but then increased the likelihood of program participation. The tail‐offs (20%) decreased in the likelihood of participating after the third year, and the drop‐offs (23%) already after the first year. The findings suggest that many schools need support during the initial years to launch and maintain the implementation of evidence‐based programs; yet a large proportion of schools manage to sustain the program implementation for several years. The logistic regression analyses showed that large schools persisted more likely than small schools. Lower initial level of victimization was also related to the sustainability of the program. Finally, persistent program participation was predicted by several school‐level actions during the initial years of implementing the program. These results imply that the sustainability of evidence‐based programs could be enhanced by supporting and guiding schools when setting up the program during the initial implementation.

Keywords: bullying; school bullying; intervention; programmes (plans)

Free keywords: school-based intervention; antibullying program; sustainable implementation; evidence-based program; victimization

Contributing organizations

Other organizations:

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-17-06 at 12:26