A1 Journal article (refereed)
Environmentally-induced noise dampens and reddens with increasing trophic level in a complex food web (2019)


Kuparinen, A., Perälä, T., Martinez, N. D., & Valdovinos, F. S. (2019). Environmentally-induced noise dampens and reddens with increasing trophic level in a complex food web. Oikos, 128(4), 608-620. https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.05575


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Kuparinen, Anna; Perälä, Tommi; Martinez, Neo D.; Valdovinos, Fernanda S.

Journal or series: Oikos

ISSN: 0030-1299

eISSN: 1600-0706

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 128

Issue number: 4

Pages range: 608-620

Publisher: Blackwell

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/oik.05575

Research data link: http://doi.org/10.1111/oik.05575

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/63423


Abstract

Stochastic variability of key abiotic factors including temperature, precipitation and the availability of light and nutrients greatly influences species’ ecological function and evolutionary fate. Despite such influence, ecologists have typically ignored the effect of abiotic stochasticity on the structure and dynamics of ecological networks. Here we help to fill that gap by advancing the theory of how abiotic stochasticity, in the form of environmental noise, affects the population dynamics of species within food webs. We do this by analysing an allometric trophic network model of Lake Constance subjected to positive (red), negative (blue), and non‐autocorrelated (white) abiotic temporal variability (noise) introduced into the carrying capacity of basal species. We found that, irrespective of the colour of the introduced noise, the temporal variability of the species biomass within the network both reddens (i.e. its positive autocorrelation increases) and dampens (i.e. the magnitude of variation decreases) as the environmental noise is propagated through the food web by its feeding interactions from the bottom to the top. The reddening reflects a buffering of the noise‐induced population variability by complex food web dynamics such that non‐autocorrelated oscillations of noise‐free deterministic dynamics become positively autocorrelated. Our research helps explain frequently observed red variability of natural populations by suggesting that ecological processing of environmental noise through food webs with a range of species’ body sizes reddens population variability in nature.


Keywords: ecosystems (ecology); aquatic ecosystems; food webs; environmental changes; mathematical models; stochastic processes; interferences

Free keywords: coloured noise; ecosystem dynamics; environmental stochasticity


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2021-25-08 at 12:11