A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Colloquium : Nonequilibrium effects in superconductors with a spin-splitting field (2018)

Bergeret, F. S., Silaev, M., Virtanen, P., & Heikkilä, T. (2018). Colloquium : Nonequilibrium effects in superconductors with a spin-splitting field. Reviews of Modern Physics, 90(4), Article 041001. https://doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.90.041001

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Bergeret, F. Sebastian; Silaev, Mikhail; Virtanen, Pauli; Heikkilä, Tero

Journal or series: Reviews of Modern Physics

ISSN: 0034-6861

eISSN: 1538-4527

Publication year: 2018

Volume: 90

Issue number: 4

Article number: 041001

Publisher: American Physical Society

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1103/RevModPhys.90.041001

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/60130


This Colloquium discusses the recent progress in understanding the properties of spin-split superconductors under nonequilibrium conditions. Recent experiments and theories demonstrate a rich variety of transport phenomena occurring in devices based on such materials that suggest direct applications in thermoelectricity, low-dissipative spintronics, radiation detection, and sensing. This text discusses different experimental situations and presents a theoretical framework based on quantum kinetic equations. This framework provides an accurate description of the nonequilibrium distribution of charge, spin, and energy, which are the relevant nonequilibrium modes, in different hybrid structures. This Colloquium also reviews experiments on spin-split superconductors and shows how transport measurements reveal the properties of the nonequilibrium modes and their mutual coupling. In particular, the emphasis of the text is on spin injection and diffusion and very large thermoelectric effects in spin-split superconductors.

Keywords: superconductors; quantum physics

Contributing organizations

Related projects

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2018

JUFO rating: 3

Last updated on 2023-12-10 at 15:28