A1 Journal article (refereed)
Improved Reactivity and Derivatization of Cellulose after Pre-Hydrolysis with Commercial Enzymes (2019)

Willberg-Keyriläinen, P., Ropponen, J., Lahtinen, M., & Pere, J. (2019). Improved Reactivity and Derivatization of Cellulose after Pre-Hydrolysis with Commercial Enzymes. BioResources, 14(1), 561-574. https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.14.1.561-574

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Willberg-Keyriläinen, Pia; Ropponen, Jarmo; Lahtinen, Manu; Pere, Jaakko

Journal or series: BioResources

ISSN: 1930-2126

eISSN: 1930-2126

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 14

Issue number: 1

Pages range: 561-574

Publisher: North Carolina State University

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.15376/biores.14.1.561-574

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/60863


Reactivity is an important parameter when considering the chemical modification or dissolution of cellulose. Different pretreatment methods affect cellulose reactivity by decreasing its degree of polymerization (DP) and crystallinity. In this study, the molar mass of cellulose was decreased via enzymatic pretreatment. Three commercial endoglucanase-rich products were tested. The target was to reduce the viscosity of the pulp to below 200 mL/g and, thus, increase the reactivity of the cellulose. For comparison, cellulose was also pretreated with ozone, and the effects of each pretreatment method on crystallinity and monosaccharide composition of the resulting pulps were investigated. Both enzymatically treated and ozone-treated pulps were esterified using homogeneous and heterogeneous methods, and the degrees of substitution for these treated pulps were much higher than the esters when the untreated pulp was used. Cellulose esters from the pretreated pulps formed films with good mechanical properties by solvent casting.

Keywords: cellulose; enzymes; ozonisation; esters

Free keywords: enzymatic treatment; ozone treatment; cellulose esters

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-27-02 at 09:34