A1 Journal article (refereed)
The role of adolescents' temperament in their positive and negative emotions as well as in psychophysiological reactions during achievement situations (2019)


Lehikoinen, A., Ranta-Nilkku, E., Mikkonen, J., Kaartinen, J., Penttonen, M., Ahonen, T., & Kiuru, N. (2019). The role of adolescents' temperament in their positive and negative emotions as well as in psychophysiological reactions during achievement situations. Learning and Individual Differences, 69, 116-128. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2018.11.004


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Publication details

All authors or editors: Lehikoinen, Anni; Ranta-Nilkku, Enna; Mikkonen, Jarno; Kaartinen, Jukka; Penttonen, Markku; Ahonen, Timo; Kiuru, Noona

Journal or series: Learning and Individual Differences

ISSN: 1041-6080

eISSN: 1873-3425

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 69

Issue number: 0

Pages range: 116-128

Publisher: Pergamon Press

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2018.11.004

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


Abstract

This study examined the role of adolescents' (n = 190) temperament in their emotional reactions in achievement situations. Adolescents rated their temperament (i.e., surgency/extraversion, negative affectivity, effortful control) and completed achievement tasks in Grade 6. They also reported their emotions before and during challenging and non-challenging tasks. In addition, adolescents' autonomic nervous system reactions (i.e., skin conductance levels) were recorded. The results showed that high effortful control was related to higher levels of positive emotions independent of the degree of task difficulty. Low negative affectivity and high effortful control were related to lower levels of negative emotions before and during the achievement tasks. High surgency/extraversion was related to lower levels of negative emotions only before the achievement tasks. Finally, low negative affectivity and high effortful control were related to higher skin conductance level before the achievement tasks, whereas high effortful control was related to higher skin conductance level during both challenging and non-challenging achievement tasks. The findings enhance current understanding of the connection between adolescents' temperament and emotions in real-time achievement situations.


Keywords: psychology of learning; childhood; temperament; emotions; psychophysiology

Free keywords: adolescence; achievement emotions; skin conductance level; achievement situations


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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2021-09-06 at 20:48