A1 Journal article (refereed)
Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction (2020)

Arnarsson, A., Nygren, J., Nyholm, M., Torsheim, T., Augustine, L., Bjereld, Y., Markkanen, I., Schnohr, C. W., Rasmussen, M., Nielsen, L., & Bendtsen, P. (2020). Cyberbullying and traditional bullying among Nordic adolescents and their impact on life satisfaction. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 48(5), 502-510. https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494818817411

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Arnarsson, Arsaell; Nygren, Jens; Nyholm, Maria; Torsheim, Torbjorn; Augustine, Lilly; Bjereld, Ylva; Markkanen, Ilona; Schnohr, Christina w.; Rasmussen, Mette; Nielsen, Line; et al.

Journal or series: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health

ISSN: 1403-4948

eISSN: 1651-1905

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 48

Issue number: 5

Pages range: 502-510

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd.

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/1403494818817411

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cybervictimization in the six Nordic countries and to assess its overlap with traditional bullying. A further aim was to examine potential associations between life satisfaction, on the one hand, and traditional bullying and cyberbullying on the other. Methods: Analyses were based on data from the 2013⁄2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study. It included 32,210 boys and girls, aged 11, 13, and 15, living in the six Nordic countries. Results: The prevalence of cyberbullying by both pictures and by messages was around 2% in all the Nordic countries except Greenland. There it was considerably higher. The prevalence of being bullied in a traditional manner varied widely by country. For boys, this type of bullying was most frequent in the youngest age group and then decreased steadily in the older age groups. Girls were on average more likely to be cyberbullied. Cyberbullying was more common among 13- and 15-year-olds than 11-year-olds. Higher family affluence was unrelated to the risk of cyberbullying. However, it was related to traditional bullying and combined forms of bullying. Compared with intact families, cybervictimization was commoner among single-parent families and stepfamilies. Adjusting for age, gender, family affluence, and family structure, those subjected to cyberbullying had lower life satisfaction than those who were not bullied. Conclusions: We found relatively little overlap between cyberbullying and traditional bullying, indicating that the two may be separate phenomena stemming from different mechanisms, at least in the Nordic context.

Keywords: bullying; cyberbullying; quality of life; contentment; school-age children; family background; socioeconomic factors

Free keywords: Nordic; adolescents; life satisfaction; family structure; family affluence

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-19-08 at 19:44