A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Environmental Correlates of Motor Competence in Children : The Skilled Kids Study (2019)


Niemistö , D., Finni Juutinen, T., Haapala, E., Cantell, M., Korhonen, E., & Sääkslahti, A. (2019). Environmental Correlates of Motor Competence in Children : The Skilled Kids Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 16 (11), 1989. doi:10.3390/ijerph16111989


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Niemistö , Donna; Finni Juutinen, Taija; Haapala, Eero; Cantell, Marja; Korhonen, Elisa; Sääkslahti, Arja

Lehti tai sarja: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

ISSN: 1661-7827

eISSN: 1660-4601

Julkaisuvuosi: 2019

Volyymi: 16

Lehden numero: 11

Artikkelinumero: 1989

Kustantaja: MDPI

Julkaisumaa: Sveitsi

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111989

Avoin saatavuus: Open access -julkaisukanavassa ilmestynyt julkaisu

Julkaisu on rinnakkaistallennettu (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/64493


Tiivistelmä

Environment, physical activity (PA) and motor development are tightly interwoven during childhood. We examined the associations of environmental factors with motor competence (MC) in children. Children (N = 945, 50.1% boys, age = 3–7 years, mean = 5.4 years) from 37 childcare centres in the Southern (n = 17), Central (n = 13) and Northern Finland (n = 7) participated. The environmental factors comprised the geographical location (Southern, Central and Northern Finland) and residential density (metropolitan area, city, rural area and countryside) of the childcare centres’ based on postal codes and the national population density registry. MC was measured using the Test of Gross Motor Development (TGMD)-3, as well as by quantifying time spent outdoors and participation in organised sports via parental questionnaire. It was found that children from the countryside had better MC and spent most time outdoors, while children from the metropolitan area most frequently engaged in organised sports. Gender comparisons revealed that girls outperformed boys in locomotor skills, while boys were better in object control skills, had higher TGMD-3 score and spent more time outdoors. Time spent outdoors and participation in organised sports were associated positively with MC, but not in children from the countryside. In conclusion, higher population density was associated with lower MC and less time spent outdoors. The findings suggest that versatile outdoor environments may support motor development through PA.


YSO-asiasanat: lapset (ikäryhmät); motoriset taidot; fyysinen aktiivisuus; ympäristötekijät; asuinympäristö; ulkoilu; liikuntaharrastus; ympäristö

Vapaat asiasanat: motor competence; geographical location; residential density; outdoor time; participation in sports


Liittyvät organisaatiot


Hankkeet, joissa julkaisu on tehty


OKM-raportointi: Kyllä

Raportointivuosi: 2019

JUFO-taso: 1


Viimeisin päivitys 2021-22-02 klo 18:14