A1 Journal article (refereed)
Math homework : Parental help and children’s academic outcomes (2019)

Silinskas, G., & Kikas, E. (2019). Math homework : Parental help and children’s academic outcomes. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 59, Article 101784. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2019.101784

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Silinskas, Gintautas; Kikas, Eve

Journal or series: Contemporary Educational Psychology

ISSN: 0361-476X

eISSN: 1090-2384

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 59

Issue number: 0

Article number: 101784

Publisher: Academic Press

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2019.101784

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67357


In the present study, we examined the longitudinal relations between child-perceived parental help with math homework (i.e., support and control), children's math skills, and mother-reported task persistent behavior in homework situations. A total of 624 mother–child dyads were followed across Grade 6 and Grade 9, controlling for Grade 3 variables. At each measurement point, children completed math tests, and their mothers evaluated task persistence during homework. In Grades 6 and 9, children reported their perceptions of their parents’ help with math homework. First, the results showed that perceived support in Grade 6 predicted an increase in persistence during homework in Grade 9. Second, math skills in Grade 6 predicted an increase in perceived support in Grade 9. In addition, poor math skills in Grade 3 predicted an increase in perceived control in Grade 6. Finally, perceived control in Grade 6 predicted higher levels of perceived support in Grade 9. Overall, the results suggest that math skills in particular trigger certain types of parental helping behavior in children's math homework. In addition, a positive type of help with math homework—perceived autonomy-support—relates to motivational aspects of academic outcomes (i.e., task persistence in homework situations).

Keywords: mathematics; homework; parents; helping; supporting; mathematical skills; learning results

Free keywords: math; perceived parental support; perceived parental control; task persistence; evocative effect

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 3

Last updated on 2021-17-09 at 16:51