A1 Journal article (refereed)
Interpersonal Dynamics in 2-vs-1 Contexts of Football : The Effects of Field Location and Player Roles (2019)

Laakso, T., Davids, K., Liukkonen, J., & Travassos, B. (2019). Interpersonal Dynamics in 2-vs-1 Contexts of Football : The Effects of Field Location and Player Roles. Frontiers in Psychology, 10, Article 1407. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01407

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Laakso, Timo; Davids, Keith; Liukkonen, Jarmo; Travassos, Bruno

Journal or series: Frontiers in Psychology

eISSN: 1664-1078

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 10

Article number: 1407

Publisher: Frontiers Media

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01407

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65112


This study analyzed the spatial-temporal interactions that sustained 2-vs-1 contexts in football at different field locations near the goal. Fifteen male players (under 15 years, age 13.2 ± 1.03 years, years of practice 4.2 ± 1.10 years), 5 defenders, 7 midfielders, and 3 attackers, participated in the study. Each participant performed a game to simulate a 2-vs-1 sub-phase as a ball carrier, second attacker, and defender at three different field locations, resulting in a total number of 142 trials. The movements of participants in each trial were recorded and digitized with TACTO software. Values of interpersonal distance between the ball carrier and defender and interpersonal angles between players and between the goal target, defender, and ball carrier were calculated. The results revealed a general main effect of field location. Generally, the middle zone revealed the lowest values of interpersonal distance and angle between players and the right zone and the highest values of interpersonal distance between players and interpersonal angle between players and the goal. Related with participants’ roles, defenders revealed subtle differences as attackers on interpersonal distances and relative angles compared with midfielders and attackers. Findings supported that field location is a key constraint of players’ performance and that players’ role constraint performance effectiveness in football.

Keywords: football; game analysis; roles (expected behaviour)

Free keywords: football; patterns of play; affordances; effectiveness; players' roles

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-23-01 at 10:02