A1 Alkuperäisartikkeli tieteellisessä aikakauslehdessä
Athletes' Self Perceptions of Optimal States in Karate : An Application of the IZOF Model (2004)


Montse C. Ruiz; Yuri L. Hanin (2004). Athletes' Self Perceptions of Optimal States in Karate : An Application of the IZOF Model. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte, 13 (2), 229-244. https://www.rpd-online.com/article/view/203/203


JYU-tekijät tai -toimittajat


Julkaisun tiedot

Julkaisun kaikki tekijät tai toimittajat: Montse C. Ruiz; Yuri L. Hanin

Lehti tai sarja: Revista de Psicologia del Deporte

ISSN: 1132-239X

eISSN: 1988-5636

Julkaisuvuosi: 2004

Volyymi: 13

Lehden numero: 2

Artikkelin sivunumerot: 229-244

Kustantaja: Universitat de les Illes Balears

Julkaisumaa: Espanja

Julkaisun kieli: englanti

Pysyvä verkko-osoite: https://www.rpd-online.com/article/view/203/203

Avoin saatavuus: Open access -julkaisukanavassa ilmestynyt julkaisu


Tiivistelmä

This study examined self-perceptions of optimal states in 63 high-level Spanish karate athletes. Open-ended
questions were used to examine athletes’ situational experiences (states), relatively stable emotional patterns and metaexperiences. As expected, optimal states were characterized by pleasant (confidence, calmness) and unpleasant (anxiety, anger) emotions. Athletes’ self-descriptions reflected all seven form-components of a psycho-biosocial state with affective and cognitive modalities being the most salient components of their optimal states. Athletes perceived their optimal states as temporary and dynamic and actively used different strategies to produce and maintain these states. The results suggest that individualized interventions should not be limited to the reduction of anxiety. Directions for future research and practical implications are suggested.


Vapaat asiasanat: urheilijat; tunteet; minäkuva; karate; IZOF-malli


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Viimeisin päivitys 2019-05-08 klo 11:09