A1 Journal article (refereed)
Idiosyncratic description of anger states in skilled Spanish karate athletes : an application of the IZOF model (2004)

Ruiz, M., & Hanin, Y. (2004). Idiosyncratic description of anger states in skilled Spanish karate athletes : an application of the IZOF model. Revista de Psicologia del Deporte, 13(1), 75-93. https://www.rpd-online.com/article/view/262

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Ruiz, Montse; Hanin, Yuri

Journal or series: Revista de Psicologia del Deporte

ISSN: 1132-239X

eISSN: 1988-5636

Publication year: 2004

Volume: 13

Issue number: 1

Pages range: 75-93

Publisher: Universitat de les Illes Balears

Publication country: Spain

Publication language: English

Persistent website address: https://www.rpd-online.com/article/view/262

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65198


This study examined content and intensity of anger prior to, during, and after best ever and worst ever
performances in 43 high-level Spanish karate athletes using individualized anger profiling. Optimal and dysfunctional anger intensities were assessed using a modified version of Borg’s Category Ratio (CR-10) scale. Anger profiling was supplemented with positive and negative emotion profiling. As expected, content of anger descriptors was highly idiosyncratic. Moreover, great variability in optimal and dysfunctional anger intensities was found at individual and group levels. In best performances, anger was related to the generation of additional energy, whereas in worst performances, anger resulted from a perceived lack of resources or low readiness to perform. Athletes generated different anger descriptors in performance and in non-sport performance situations (overlap ranged from 0 to .35). The results support the use of an idiographic approach in the study of anger states.

Keywords: athletes; emotions; hate; karate

Free keywords: athletes; emotions; anger; IZOF model; diographic approach; karate

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Ministry reporting: Won't be reported

Last updated on 2021-20-09 at 16:42