A4 Article in conference proceedings
Undersea optical cable network and cyber threats (2019)

Hummelholm, A. (2019). Undersea optical cable network and cyber threats. In T. Cruz, & P. Simoes (Eds.), ECCWS 2019 : Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (pp. 650-659). Academic Conferences International. Proceedings of the European conference on information warfare and security.

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Hummelholm, Aarne

Parent publication: ECCWS 2019 : Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security

Parent publication editors: Cruz, Tiago; Simoes, Paulo


  • European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security

Place and date of conference: Coimbra, Portugal, 4.-5.6.2019

ISBN: 978-1-912764-28-0

Journal or series: Proceedings of the European conference on information warfare and security

ISSN: 2048-8602

eISSN: 2048-8610

Publication year: 2019

Pages range: 650-659

Number of pages in the book: 884

Publisher: Academic Conferences International

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67103


Almost all services and most of the traditional services are totally dependent on the digital environment. Few users are aware of the revolutionary nature of modern technology. We use day-to-day real-time access to existing digital services in our home country or we use social media (Some) to communicate with friends locally or elsewhere in the world. We can communicate with them in real time with text messages or even through real-time video feed. People have the choice of millions of movies to watch anytime, anywhere. Modern communications connect data centers and data networks of different continents together, enabling real-time communications throughout the world. We can order different goods from all over the world, pay invoices electronically and get the goods delivered to our door. Companies use the same channels of communication for daily communications, trading, sending invitations to tender and transferring money through banks in real time. As a result of the developments described above, people and systems produce huge amounts of data which needs to be processed and stored. However, technical solutions for all new service environments are not yet in line with international standards and their connections to telecommunications and service networks are very diverse. Technically outdated solutions and new technologies are used simultaneously. Future information and communication systems need to be designed and adapted to work in this challenging business environment where security threats and cybercrime are constantly present. Each function has its own service and communication needs depending on the user group. These groups include design and maintenance staff, financial management staff, telecom operators, service provider staff, virtual service providers and operators, administrative agents, citizens, manufacturers, banks, etc. To date no other technology apart from submarine cables systems has had such a strategic impact to our society while at the same time remaining so badly understood by the general population. This means that it is also a very tempting target for hackers and state actors. They seek access to the sea cables and networks connecting continents to each other.

Keywords: cyber security; sea cables; cyber crime; hackers; communication; information and communications offences

Free keywords: communication,continents, cybercrime, hackers, submarine cables

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-20-09 at 15:55