A4 Article in conference proceedings
Does time spent on device security and privacy inhibit online expression? (2019)


Rauhala, Juhani; Tyrväinen, Pasi; Zaidenberg, Nezer (2019). Does time spent on device security and privacy inhibit online expression?. In Cruz, Tiago; Simoes, Paulo (Eds.) ECCWS 2019 : Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security, Proceedings of the European conference on information warfare and security. Academic Conferences International, 394-402.


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Rauhala, Juhani; Tyrväinen, Pasi; Zaidenberg, Nezer

Parent publication: ECCWS 2019 : Proceedings of the 18th European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security

Parent publication editors: Cruz, Tiago; Simoes, Paulo

Conference:

  • European Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security

Place and date of conference: Coimbra, Portugal, 4.-5.6.2019

ISBN: 978-1-912764-28-0

Journal or series: Proceedings of the European conference on information warfare and security

ISSN: 2048-8602

eISSN: 2048-8610

Publication year: 2019

Pages range: 394-402

Number of pages in the book: 884

Publisher: Academic Conferences International

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/67094


Abstract

Freedom of expression is a recognized human right. More recently, the UN has resolved that unrestricted access to the Internet is also a human right. A commonly accepted benefit of the Internet is that it serves as a platform for free expression. Usage of the Internet for free expression can be a way of circumventing censorship or other hindrances that prevent citizens' freedom of expression in more traditional publishing media. However, the Internet has unique security and privacy risks that may affect users' attitudes toward expressing themselves online. In the online environment, users with controversial viewpoints may be reluctant to express the viewpoints due to concern about possible consequences resulting from the expressions. Consequences may be imposed by individuals, groups, organizations, businesses, or nation-states. In order to mitigate the security and privacy risks of the Internet, some Internet users spend valuable time thinking about and configuring the security settings of their devices. Some users may have a negative attitude toward such time expenditure. Users may be reluctant to express themselves online simply because it costs too much time and effort for proper configuration for anonymity. That is, the users may be aware of the importance and abundance of tools providing anonymity and may wish to express themselves online but decide spending time on anonymity is just too much effort. The association of time spent on personal cybersecurity with the reluctance to express online does not appear to have been studied in prior research. The purpose of this paper is to explore the effects of these issues on users' reluctance to express themselves online. We constructed a model to represent our hypotheses and collected data using a survey. We then validated the model by performing factor and correlation analyses on the collected data. The results of this research show that the attitude of users toward time expenditure on device security aspects correlates with users' reluctance to express themselves online.


Keywords: cyber security; data security; self-expression; protection of privacy; time use; frustation

Free keywords: device security, time consumption, online expression, device settings, frustration


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1


Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:02