A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
Balancing Between Narratives of the West and Hindu Nationalism in Emerging India (2020)

Jouhki, J. (2020). Balancing Between Narratives of the West and Hindu Nationalism in Emerging India. In M. Lehti, H.-R. Pennanen, & J. Jouhki (Eds.), Contestations of Liberal Order : The West in Crisis? (pp. 343-371). Palgrave Macmillan. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-22059-4_13

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsJouhki, Jukka

Parent publicationContestations of Liberal Order : The West in Crisis?

Parent publication editorsLehti, Marko; Pennanen, Henna-Riikka; Jouhki, Jukka



Publication year2020

Pages range343-371

Number of pages in the book384

PublisherPalgrave Macmillan

Place of PublicationCham

Publication countrySwitzerland

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68397


India has been an important point of reference for Western identity, and the construction of an Orient. Vice versa, people in India have constructed their own Occidentalisms about Westerners, and the global position of ‘the West’, as well as to form an Indian identity. The West has represented the colonizer in India, but at the same time a source of valuable ideologies, values, policies, and innovations benefiting India. Moreover, many nationalist narratives in India emphasize self-reliance from and even superiority to the West. During Narendra Modi’s administration, the ‘New India’ has concentrated on taking a more active role in the world. Traditional elements of Indian tradition have been revitalized for the purposes of international branding as well as domestic identity construction. The ‘core’ values and traditions of Indian society are inserted in the narratives of a modernizing India that has a lot to offer to the world and has plenty to benefit from careful interaction in the liberal world order. The narratives of Hindutva or Hindu nationalism often coincide with the view according to which India has a new role to play in the global arena. These nationalist narratives are also widely reflected on in the Indian news media. The aim of this chapter is to analyze Indian news media, and the way emerging India is positioned in relation to Asia, the West, and the global order.

KeywordsHinduismnationalismoccidentalismnational identityIndian identity

Free keywordsIndia; hindu nationalism; occidentalism; identity

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2020

JUFO rating3

Last updated on 2024-03-04 at 21:07