A1 Journal article (refereed)
Effect of different co-solvents on biodiesel production from various low-cost feedstocks using Sr–Al double oxides (2020)


Ambat, Indu; Srivastava, Varsha; Iftekhar, Sidra; Haapaniemi, Esa; Sillanpää, Mika (2020). Effect of different co-solvents on biodiesel production from various low-cost feedstocks using Sr–Al double oxides. Renewable Energy, 146, 2158-2169. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2019.08.061


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Ambat, Indu; Srivastava, Varsha; Iftekhar, Sidra; Haapaniemi, Esa; Sillanpää, Mika

Journal or series: Renewable Energy

ISSN: 0960-1481

eISSN: 1879-0682

Publication year: 2020

Volume: 146

Pages range: 2158-2169

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2019.08.061

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68741


Abstract

The main objective of the present paper comprises the investigation of biodiesel production from low-cost feedstock such as lard oil and waste cooking oil (WCO) using Sr–Al double oxides. Nanocatalyst was characterised FTIR, XRD, SEM, TEM, BET and XPS. The Sr:Al with 3:1 M ratio showed the best catalytic activity in the conversion of both oils to fatty acid methyl ester. The effect of acetone and tetrahydrofuran (THF) as a co-solvent for transesterification were compared and the best result was obtained with 5% THF. The mutual effect of the nanocatalyst and co-solvent on biodiesel production was investigated. The characterisation of biodiesel synthesised from lard oil and WCO was performed with GC-MS, 1H and 13C NMR. Moreover, the optimum reaction parameters for transesterification reaction was analysed and the yield was determined by 1H NMR. The maximum yield of 99.7% and 99.4% of lard oil methyl ester and WCO biodiesel were observed with a 0.9 wt% catalyst amount, 1:5.5 oil to methanol ratio in a reaction time of 45 min at 50 °C and 60 °C, respectively. The properties of biodiesel from lard oil and WCO were determined by the EN 14214 method. The regeneration, characterisation and reusability of regenerated catalyst was observed.


Keywords: biodiesel; waste utilisation; animal fats; vegetable oils; catalysts; nanoparticles

Free keywords: biodiesel; lard oil; transesterification; Sr–Al double oxides; waste cooking oil


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

Preliminary JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:30