A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Participation as a methodological and ethical issue in child protection research (2019)

Kiili, J., & Moilanen, J. (2019). Participation as a methodological and ethical issue in child protection research. Journal of Childrens Services, 14(3), 143-161. https://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-02-2019-0009

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Kiili, Johanna; Moilanen, Johanna

Journal or series: Journal of Childrens Services

ISSN: 1746-6660

eISSN: 2042-8677

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 14

Issue number: 3

Pages range: 143-161

Publisher: Emerald Publishing Limited

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/JCS-02-2019-0009

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


The purpose of this paper is to explore how children have been involved in research activities in recent international child protection research and what kinds of ethical and methodological decisions are made by researchers regarding children’s participation.

In the paper, the complexity of children’s participation in research activities is analysed through an integrative literature review.

Children’s right to self-determination and the right to make informed decisions were the most challenging ethical principles to implement in practice. The study shows that researchers usually decide on the research design, and child welfare professionals and parents assess the eligibility of the children as research subjects.

More ethical reflection and critical discussion on the rights that adults, both parents and professionals, have in deciding the involvement of children in research activities is required.

Keywords: research ethics; child protection; children (age groups); child research; social inclusion

Free keywords: research ethics; integrative literature review; child protection research; children as research subjects; children’s participation; informed decisions

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

Preliminary JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-04-10 at 08:04