D3 Article in professional conference proceedings
Influence of Musical Expertise on the processing of Musical Features in a Naturalistic Setting (2019)


Niranjan, Dipankar; Burunat, Iballa; Toiviainen, Petri; Brattico, Elvira; Alluri, Vinoo (2019). Influence of Musical Expertise on the processing of Musical Features in a Naturalistic Setting. In CCN 2019 : 2019 Conference on Cognitive Computational Neuroscience. Conference Management Services, Inc., 1314. DOI: 10.32470/ccn.2019.1314-0


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Niranjan, Dipankar; Burunat, Iballa; Toiviainen, Petri; Brattico, Elvira; Alluri, Vinoo

Parent publication: CCN 2019 : 2019 Conference on Cognitive Computational Neuroscience

Conference:

Conference on Cognitive Computational Neuroscience

Place and date of conference: Berlin, Germany, 13.-16.9.2019

Publication year: 2019

Article number: 1314

Publisher: Conference Management Services, Inc.

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.32470/ccn.2019.1314-0

Open Access: Publication published in an open access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/66734


Abstract

Musical training causes structural and functional changes in the brain due to its sensory-motor demands, but the modulatory effect of musical training on music feature processing in the brain in a continuous music listening paradigm, has not been investigated thus far. In this work, we investigate the differences between musicians and non-musicians in the encoding of musical features encompassing musical timbre, rhythm and tone. 18 musicians and 18 non-musicians were scanned using fMRI while listening to 3 varied stimuli. Acoustic features corresponding to timbre, rhythm and tone were computationally extracted from the stimuli and correlated with brain responses, followed by t-tests on group level maps to uncover encoding differences between the two groups. The musicians demonstrated greater involvement of limbic and reward regions, and regions possessing adaptations to music processing due to training, indicating greater analytic processing. However, as a group, they did not exhibit large regions of consistent
correlation patterns, especially in processing high-level features, due to differences in processing strategies arising out of their varied training. The non-musicians exhibited broader regions of correlations, implying greater similarities in bottom-up sensory processing.


Keywords: neuropsychology; music psychology; stimuli (role related to effect); musicians; processing; functional magnetic resonance imaging

Free keywords: fMRI; musicians vs non-musicians; music processing; acoustic feature extraction; naturalistic stimulus


Contributing organizations


Related projects

Dynamics of Music Cognition
Toiviainen, Petri
Academy of Finland
01/01/2014-31/12/2018


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019


Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:29