A2 Review article, Literature review, Systematic review
Psychometric properties of observational tools for identifying motor difficulties : a systematic review (2019)

Asunta, P., Viholainen, H., Ahonen, T., & Rintala, P. (2019). Psychometric properties of observational tools for identifying motor difficulties : a systematic review. BMC Pediatrics, 19, Article 322. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1657-6

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Asunta, P.; Viholainen, H.; Ahonen, T.; Rintala, P.

Journal or series: BMC Pediatrics

eISSN: 1471-2431

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 19

Article number: 322

Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd.

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-019-1657-6

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65507


Early identification of children with motor difficulties, such as developmental coordination disorder (DCD), is essential. At present only a fraction of children with DCD are identified. The purpose of the study was to systematically review the literature from 1994 to 2017 on observational screening tools and to evaluate the validity, reliability and usability of the questionnaires used.

The review of the literature was conducted to synthesize the data from five electronic databases for children aged 6–12 years. The following databases were searched: Academic search Elite (EBSCO), ERIC (ProQuest), MEDLINE (Ovid), PsycINFO (ProQuest), and SPORTDiscus with Full Text (EBSCO). The studies meeting our inclusion criteria were analyzed to assess the psychometric properties and feasibility of the measures.

The literature search retrieved 1907 potentially relevant publications. The final number of studies that met the inclusion criteria of our systematic review was 45. There were 11 questionnaires for parents, teachers and children. None of the questionnaires was valid for population-based screening as the only measurement tool.

There are many challenges in using initial screening tools to identify children with motor difficulties. Nevertheless, many promising questionnaires are being developed that can provide information on functional skills and limitations across a variety of tasks and settings in the daily lives of children with DCD. The review provides much needed information about the current scales used in many clinical, educational and research settings. Implications for assessing psychometric properties of the developed questionnaires and further research are discussed.

Keywords: development of motor skills; coordination (motor functions); specific delays in development; dyspraxia; recognition; questionnaire survey; psychometrics

Free keywords: developmental coordination disorder; questionnaire; assessment; psychometric properties

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 14:51