C1 Book
A History of Finnish Higher Education from the Middle Ages to the 21st Century (2019)

Välimaa, J. (2019). A History of Finnish Higher Education from the Middle Ages to the 21st Century. Springer. Higher Education Dynamics, 52. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20808-0

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Välimaa, Jussi

ISBN: 978-3-030-20807-3

eISBN: 978-3-030-20808-0

Journal or series: Higher Education Dynamics

ISSN: 1571-0378

eISSN: 2215-1923

Publication year: 2019

Number in series: 52

Number of pages in the book: 325

Publisher: Springer

Place of Publication: Cham

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-20808-0

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:


This book unravels the origins, continuities, and discontinuities of Finnish higher education as part of European higher education from the Middle Ages to the 21st century. It describes the emergence of universities in the Middle Ages and the Finnish student, and moves on to the Reformation and the end of Swedish rule. It then discusses the founding of the Royal Academy of Turku, its professors and governing bodies, its role as a community, student numbers, the research and controversies. Travelling through the age of autonomy, the first decades of independence and the Second World War, the book examines the expansion of higher education, the development of the system, and the establishment of polytechnics. It concludes by analysing the multiple institutional and organisational layers of Finnish higher education. Altogether, the book offers an historical study that shows how and why education and higher education have been important in the process of making the Finnish nation and nation state.

Keywords: system of higher education; universities; Middle Ages; period of Swedish rule in Finland; Lutheranism; era of autonomy; nation-state; applied sciences; era of independence; social classes; postwar period; welfare state; tertiary education; institutions of higher education; universities of applied sciences

Free keywords: European universities in the Middle Ages; Finnish students during the Middle Ages; changes in schooling during the Swedish rule; establishment of the Royal Academy in Åbo; the university of Turku at the end of the Swedish rule; lutheranism; expansion of higher education into practical fields; higher education in the new Finnish republic; development of Finnish higher education after WWII; establishment of polytechnics; Swedish kingdom

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2021-05-10 at 14:47