G4 Doctoral dissertation (monograph)
Ajan henki lain kirjaimessa : suomalaisten lastensuojelulakien ja -asetusten ideologiat (2019)

Tanskanen, I. (2019). Ajan henki lain kirjaimessa : suomalaisten lastensuojelulakien ja -asetusten ideologiat [Doctoral dissertation]. Jyväskylän yliopisto. JYU dissertations, 75. http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-7731-3

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Tanskanen, Ilona

eISBN: 978-951-39-7731-3

Journal or series: JYU dissertations

eISSN: 2489-9003

Publication year: 2019

Number in series: 75

Number of pages in the book: 1 verkkoaineisto (190 sivua) :

Publisher: Jyväskylän yliopisto

Place of Publication: Jyväskylä

Publication country: Finland

Publication language: Finnish

Persistent website address: http://urn.fi/URN:ISBN:978-951-39-7731-3

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel


The Spirit of Time in the Letter of the Law. The Ideologies of Finnish Child Welfare Legislation analyses what kinds of ideologies are construed in child welfare legislation and how. It is based on a critical discourse analysis in the fields the work is
situated in: language studies and social sciences. The results are applicable in the
drafting and interpretation of language for professional use.
In the First Child Welfare Act and Decree (1936), ideology is construed as an
educational ideology in which the authorities are guided in, and largely required to
take particular institutional and educational measures for child welfare when specified conditions are met. Children, young people, parents, guardians, educators and
child welfare actors are presented as targets for the authorities.
In the second Child Welfare Act and Decree (1983), the role of social governance
was democratized by reducing the ways that asymmetric power was expressed. This
construes a service ideology. Desired goals were given more weight than those that
should be avoided. Child welfare is presented as service, supporting growth with institutional measures such as monitoring.
In the third Child Welfare Act (2007) child welfare is highlighted as a customer
relationship, and the child, young person, parent, guardian and those doing care work
are presented as customers. The customer relationship is also formed in a way that
regulates child welfare processes in more detail by controlling the interaction between
the child welfare operator, child welfare professionals and the client. One of the key
elements in presenting the concept of customer ideology is putting more emphasis on
cooperation. The reader of the text is also framed as a partner by, for example, including more reading instructions and metatext than took place in the earlier Child Welfare Acts.
The ideologies of Finnish child welfare acts are linked to the socio-historical context of each legislative reform. They show the development of Finnish society from an
agrarian to a service society and a post-expansive welfare society.

Keywords: child protection; Child Welfare Act; ideologies; legal language

Contributing organizations

Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

Last updated on 2021-08-06 at 21:35