A1 Journal article (refereed)
Antibacterial efficiency of surface-immobilized Flavobacterium-infecting bacteriophage (2019)

Leppänen, M., Maasilta, I., & Sundberg, L.-R. (2019). Antibacterial efficiency of surface-immobilized Flavobacterium-infecting bacteriophage. ACS Applied Bio Materials, 2(11), 4720-4727. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsabm.9b00242

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: Leppänen, Miika; Maasilta, Ilari; Sundberg, Lotta-Riina

Journal or series: ACS Applied Bio Materials

eISSN: 2576-6422

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 2

Issue number: 11

Pages range: 4720-4727

Publisher: American Chemical Society

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/acsabm.9b00242

Publication open access: Not open

Publication channel open access:

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65870


Control of bacterial diseases by bacteriophages (phages) is gaining more interest due to increasing antibiotic resistance. This has led to technologies to attach phages on surfaces to form a biomaterial that can functionally display phages that interact with bacteria, to carry out successful infection cycles. Such a material could be applied in many environments, where the target pathogens are expected. Although this approach has been applied successfully in a few studies already, the basis of the antibacterial effect by the immobilized phages is unclear, and the interpretation of the results depends on the study. Here, we studied the phage attachment density, their detachment rate and infectivity on five different surfaces: silicon, amine-treated silicon, gold, carboxylate-treated gold and crosslinker-activated carboxylate-treated gold. The density of attached phages varied between the different surfaces and was highest on the crosslinker-activated carboxylate-treated gold. To understand whether the antibacterial effect is caused by the attached or the detached phages, the strength of the immobilization was analyzed by performing 3-12 washing steps. The detachment rates differed between the materials, with the amine treated silicon surface generating the highest release of phages and maintaining the highest infectivity, even after extensive washing. On the other hand, covalent crosslinking seemed to interfere with the infectivity. Our results suggest that the detachment of the phages from the surface is a possible mechanism for the antibacterial effect. Furthermore, we introduce a measure of the infectivity by comparing the bacterial growth reductions produced by the phage-treated materials to the effect caused by a known number of free phages, resulting in a unit “Effective PFU/surface area”, a comparable standard between different studies.

Keywords: phage therapy; bacteriophages; bacterial diseases; aquaculture; biomaterials; surfaces

Free keywords: phage therapy; surface adsorbed bacteriophages; antibacterial surfaces; aquaculture; virus material; biomaterial

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 0

Last updated on 2022-20-09 at 15:40