A1 Journal article (refereed)
Halogen Bonds in 2,5-Dihalopyridine-Copper(I) Halide Coordination Polymers (2019)

von Essen, C., Rissanen, K., & Puttreddy, R. (2019). Halogen Bonds in 2,5-Dihalopyridine-Copper(I) Halide Coordination Polymers. Materials, 12(20), Article 3305. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12203305

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editors: von Essen, C.; Rissanen, K.; Puttreddy, R.

Journal or series: Materials

eISSN: 1996-1944

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 12

Issue number: 20

Article number: 3305

Publisher: MDPI

Publication country: Switzerland

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12203305

Publication open access: Openly available

Publication channel open access: Open Access channel

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65871


Two series of 2,5-dihalopyridine-Cu(I)A (A = I, Br) complexes based on 2-X-5-iodopyridine and 2-X-5-bromopyridine (X = F, Cl, Br and I) are characterized by using single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis to examine the nature of C2−X2···A–Cu and C5−X5···A–Cu halogen bonds. The reaction of the 2,5-dihalopyridines and Cu(I) salts allows the synthesis of eight 1-D coordination polymers and a discrete structure. The resulting Cu(I)-complexes are linked by C−X···A–Cu halogen bonds forming 3-D supramolecular networks. The C−X···A–Cu halogen bonds formed between halopyridine ligands and copper(I)-bound halide ions are stronger than C−X···X’–C interactions between two 2,5-dihalopyridine ligands. The C5−I5···I–Cu and C5−Br5···Br–Cu halogens bonds are shorter for C2-fluorine than C2-chlorine due to the greater electron-withdrawing power of fluorine. In 2,5-diiodopyridine-Cu(I)Br complex, the shorter C2−I2···Br–Cu [3.473(5) Å] distances are due to the combined polarization of C2-iodine by C2−I2···Cu interactions and para-electronic effects offered by the C5-iodine, whilst the long halogen bond contacts for C5−I5···Br–Cu [3.537(5) Å] are indicative that C2-iodine has a less para-electronic influence on the C5-iodine. In 2-fluoro-5-X-pyridine-Cu(I) complexes, the C2-fluorine is halogen bond passive, while the other C2-halogens in 2,5-dihalopyridine-Cu(I), including C2-chlorine, participate in halogen bonding interactions.

Keywords: coordination complexes; polymers; chemical bonds; copper

Free keywords: halogen bond; copper; pyridine; halopyridines; dihalopyridine

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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 1

Last updated on 2023-10-01 at 12:36