A1 Journal article (refereed)
β and γ bands in N = 88, 90, and 92 isotones investigated with a five-dimensional collective Hamiltonian based on covariant density functional theory : Vibrations, shape coexistence, and superdeformation (2019)


Majola, S. N. T.; Shi, Z.; Song, B. Y.; Li, Z. P.; Zhang, S. Q.; Bark, R. A.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Aschman, D. G.; Bvumbi, S. P.; Bucher, T. D.; Cullen, D. M.; Dinoko, T. S.; Easton, J. E. et al. (2019). β and γ bands in N = 88, 90, and 92 isotones investigated with a five-dimensional collective Hamiltonian based on covariant density functional theory : Vibrations, shape coexistence, and superdeformation. Physical Review C, 100 (4), 044324. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevC.100.044324


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Majola, S. N. T.; Shi, Z.; Song, B. Y.; Li, Z. P.; Zhang, S. Q.; Bark, R. A.; Sharpey-Schafer, J. F.; Aschman, D. G.; Bvumbi, S. P.; Bucher, T. D.; et al.

Journal or series: Physical Review C

ISSN: 2469-9985

eISSN: 2469-9993

Publication year: 2019

Volume: 100

Issue number: 4

Article number: 044324

Publisher: American Physical Society

Publication country: United States

Publication language: English

DOI: http://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.100.044324

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/66171


Abstract

A comprehensive systematic study is made for the collective β and γ bands in even-even isotopes with neutron numbers N=88 to 92 and proton numbers Z=62(Sm) to 70 (Yb). Data, including excitation energies, B(E0) and B(E2) values, and branching ratios from previously published experiments are collated with new data presented for the first time in this study. The experimental data are compared to calculations using a five-dimensional collective Hamiltonian (5DCH) based on the covariant density functional theory (CDFT). A realistic potential in the quadrupole shape parameters V(β,γ) is determined from potential energy surfaces (PES) calculated using the CDFT. The parameters of the 5DCH are fixed and contained within the CDFT. Overall, a satisfactory agreement is found between the data and the calculations. In line with the energy staggering S(I) of the levels in the 2γ+ bands, the potential energy surfaces of the CDFT calculations indicate γ-soft shapes in the N=88 nuclides, which become γ rigid for N=90 and N=92. The nature of the 02+ bands changes with atomic number. In the isotopes of Sm to Dy, they can be understood as β vibrations, but in the Er and Yb isotopes the 02+ bands have wave functions with large components in a triaxial superdeformed minimum. In the vicinity of 152Sm, the present calculations predict a soft potential in the β direction but do not find two coexisting minima. This is reminiscent of 152Sm exhibiting an X(5) behavior. The model also predicts that the 03+ bands are of two-phonon nature, having an energy twice that of the 02+ band. This is in contradiction with the data and implies that other excitation modes must be invoked to explain their origin.


Keywords: nuclear physics

Free keywords: collective levels; collective models; electromagnetic transitions; low and intermediate energy heavy-ion reactions; nuclear density functional theory; nuclear spin and parity; nucleon induced nuclear reactions


Contributing organizations


Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2019

JUFO rating: 2


Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:18