A3 Book section, Chapters in research books
European Culture, History, and Heritage as Political Tools in the Rhetoric of the Finns Party (2020)


Lähdesmäki, Tuuli (2020). European Culture, History, and Heritage as Political Tools in the Rhetoric of the Finns Party. In De Cesari, Chiara; Kaya, Ayhan (Eds.) European Memory in Populism : Representations of Self and Other. Abingdon: Routledge. DOI: 10.4324/9780429454813-10


JYU authors or editors


Publication details

All authors or editors: Lähdesmäki, Tuuli

Parent publication: European Memory in Populism : Representations of Self and Other

Parent publication editors: De Cesari, Chiara; Kaya, Ayhan

ISBN: 978-1-138-31811-3

eISBN: 978-0-429-84683-0

Publication year: 2020

Number of pages in the book: 202

Publisher: Routledge

Place of Publication: Abingdon

Publication country: United Kingdom

Publication language: English

DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429454813-10

Open Access: Publication channel is not openly available

Publication is parallel published (JYX): https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/66294


Abstract

Various studies have indicated how notions and (mis)interpretations of national history, heritage, and culture are utilized by diverse populist and extremist political parties in Europe. However, scholars have less explored how the idea of a common European history, heritage, and culture are used by these parties to justify their xenophobic, anti-immigration, anti-globalization, and monoculturalist political attitudes and the defense of ‘us’. This chapter focuses on this question by examining the political rhetoric of the Finns Party, the core populist party in Finland. The data consists of selected texts discussing broadly the topics of the EU, Europe, nation, identity, and/or culture, published in the party newspaper between 2004 and 2017. The data is examined using critical discourse analysis by focusing on the notions and interpretations of a common European history, heritage, and culture as political tools in the party rhetoric. The analysis brings out how the texts in the party newspaper picture Europe as a cultural and value-based community sharing a common Christian heritage, traditions, and moral norms, particularly when a threat towards ‘us’ is experienced as coming from outside Europe’s imagined geographical or cultural borders. The notions and interpretations of a common European history, heritage, and culture form a powerful tool of exclusion when they are perceived as a sphere of meanings that cannot be identified with without having generational or ethnic ties to it. Appeals to a common European history, heritage, and culture function as rhetorical mechanisms through which others can be discussed with a vocabulary that veils the prejudiced or discriminative connotations.


Keywords: culture; history; cultural history; cultural heritage; rhetoric; politics; political parties; populism

Free keywords: True Finns; political tools; Europe


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Ministry reporting: Yes

Reporting Year: 2020

Preliminary JUFO rating: 3


Last updated on 2020-18-08 at 13:27