A1 Journal article (refereed)
Bending Work Time : Curvilinear Relationship Between Working Time Dimensions and Psychological and Somatic Symptoms (2019)

Tanskanen, J. (2019). Bending Work Time : Curvilinear Relationship Between Working Time Dimensions and Psychological and Somatic Symptoms. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 62(4), 253-259. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000001787

JYU authors or editors

Publication details

All authors or editorsTanskanen, Jussi

Journal or seriesJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine



Publication year2019


Issue number4

Pages range253-259

PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins

Publication countryUnited States

Publication languageEnglish


Publication open accessNot open

Publication channel open access

Publication is parallel published (JYX)https://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/66553


Objectives Study examines the curvilinear associations of working time dimensions
(working hours, time pressure, work schedules, and control of work time and pace) on
psychological and somatic symptoms.
Methods Representative Finnish Quality-of-Work-Life Surveys conducted in 2003, 2008 and
2013 were restricted to those (N=11,165) regularly working over 10h/week with more than
one-year tenure in their job. Generalised additive models were utilised in analysis.
Results Working hours had U-shaped relationships with psychosomatic symptoms, while
time pressure had a threshold effect. Work pace control had linear effect. The effects of work
time control and work schedules were insignificant. There were interaction effects between
working time dimensions.
Conclusions Organisations should acknowledge the dynamics of working time dimensions.
Notably, time pressure has a hazardous relation to psychosomatic symptoms, but working
pace control can buffer the negative effect.

Keywordsworking hourstime managementhurrywork burdenpsychosomaticssymptoms

Free keywordsworking hours; time pressure; work schedules; work time control; work pace control; psychological symptoms; somatic symptoms; curvilinear; general additive model

Contributing organizations

Ministry reportingYes

Reporting Year2020

JUFO rating1

Last updated on 2024-08-01 at 17:21